Many children do not receive resuscitation because potential rescuers fear causing them harm. It is far better to perform 'adult style' resuscitation on a child (who is unresponsive and not breathing) than to do nothing. However there are a few minor modifications that will make it even more suitable.
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is an emergency procedure performed on a person in cardiac arrest. CPR combines chest compressions often with artificial ventilation in an effort to manually preserve a supply of oxygen to the brain until further measures are taken to restore spontaneous blood circulation and breathing. Anyone can be trained to do CPR, it is a very simple skill, and could mean the difference between life and death.
One of the most successful skills that a first aider can learn is the treatment of choking. Things such as food, sweets, or small objects can easily become lodged in the airway if they are accidentally 'breathed in' rather than swallowed. Recognising that someone is choking it essential to a successful outcome.